India is an incredibly diverse country with everything from temperate forest, tropical rainforest, and arid deserts to the soaring peaks of the Himalaya. India is the second largest Asian country after China. It has some of the richest bio diversity in the world, with 397 species of mammals, more than 1200 species of birds, reptiles and amphibians. There are six types of forest in India – moist tropical, dry tropical, montane sub tropical, montane temperate, sub alpine and alpine.
The wildlife of India is fascinating and diverse with many charismatic species both large and small. India is best known for its signature species – tigers, elephants, monkeys, leopards, rhinos, deers and antelopes that roam the hills and plains of Indian subcontinent. Most of these species are in danger by human competition for land and water, particularly in over populated areas.